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A bruise, or contusion, is an injury to skin or tissues just under your skin. Everyone bruises occasionally. Keep reading to learn more about what causes bruising, the color-coded healing process, and warning s that you need to see a doctor. Blood platelets then form a clot to plug the leak. As you age, you tend to have thinner skin and less fat under the skin. This can make you bruise more easily. It takes a few weeks for a bruise to completely disappear. The color transition looks something like this:. A bruise may clear in the center before the outer edges.
The coloring and healing process vary from person to person. If you have darker skin, you may also have darker bruises. The location of the bruising, plus other symptoms, can provide your doctor with diagnostic clues. A bruise changes color and shrinks as it heals. Easy or frequent bruising could be the result of low or abnormal blood platelets or blood-clotting problems. This could be due to an underlying condition. It could also be a side effect of medication.
For example, anticoagulants, antiplatelets, and aspirin interfere with blood clotting. Corticosteroids can thin the skin. Even dietary supplements, such as gingko, can thin your blood. Your doctor can also order blood tests to check platelet levels or measure your blood-clotting time. Some conditions that can cause this are:. Always see your doctor after a chest injury. Complications can include infection and difficulty breathing.
Other symptoms of leukemia include:. Inflammatory breast cancer can look like bruising on the breast. Your breast may also feel tender and warm. Inflammatory breast cancer may not involve lumps like other types of breast cancer. If you have s and symptoms of leukemia or inflammatory breast cancer, see your doctor right away. An X-ray can confirm or rule this out. Be prepared to provide your personal and family health history as well as a list of medications and dietary supplements. Blood tests can check platelet levels and measure blood-clotting time.
Depending on your symptoms, you may also need an X-ray or other imaging tests to check for fractured bones.
Initial tests plus a physical exam will inform the next steps. Aspirin can cause more bleeding, so choose acetaminophen Tylenol for pain. You can also try a few home remedies :. Damage to blood vessels can cause bruising and blood clots, but the two conditions have many differences. Learn more about them. Bruises are common and usually disappear with time. Here are 10 easy treatments to lessen the pain and reduce the visibility.
Learn about how to get…. Sporadic bruising usually isn't cause for worry. Oftentimes, you can reduce your risk for future bruising by making sure you're getting the right…. An injury is often followed by an unsightly and painful bruise, but can you do anything to prevent bruising? Cauterization is the process of destroying tissue with electricity or chemicals. Not sure what a contusion is? Rubber bullets and bean bag bullets are considered to be non-lethal weapons.
But due to their large size and irregular shape, they can still cause…. Here are the s of an ACL tear. Wound dehiscence occurs when a surgical incision reopens. Discover risk factors, tips to ensure proper healing, serious complications, and more. Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. What causes a bruise to appear? Typical healing time and color cycle. When to see a doctor. How to treat a bruise. Read this next. Medically reviewed by Sara Perkins, MD. Is It a Blood Clot or a Bruise? Medically reviewed by Modern Weng, DO.
What Causes Random Bruising? Is It Possible to Prevent Bruising? Medically reviewed by Debra Rose Wilson, Ph. What Is a Contusion? Medically reviewed by Angela M. Wound Dehiscence: When an Incision Reopens. Medically reviewed by Stacy Sampson, D.This is what gone looks like
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